Yoga Nidra (Sanskrit for “dream yoga”) is a powerful technique of the Yoga Tantra tradition.
It is both a state of mind and a practice which creates an altered state of consciousness. Yoga Nidra enables us to relax and heals our being, to expand our ability to imagine, entering into the realm of the subconscious and the superconscious. It feels like your life magically changes, and it helps you reach a state which some call “enlightenment.”
Yoga Nidra, although tantric at birth, can be classified as part of the Eight Limbs of Yoga of the Raja Yoga system (a well-known coding system of the Yogic practices of Patanjali). In fact, at least three of the Eight Limbs of Yoga can be found in this practice:
Pranayama: Control of Prana, the vital energy force, through breathing exercises.
Dharana: Concentration or “single focus”. Cultivation and intensification of inner awareness.
Pratyahara: Gaining mastery over external influences. It is the art of senses withdrawal from influences of the mind that do not serve us in the path of enlightenment and/or liberation.
Introduction to Yoga Nidra
Yoga Nidra originated in India and comes from a very ancient relaxation technique known as Nyasa, which was a powerful tantric practice to achieve deep relaxation. When Nyasa was adapted by Swami Satyananda, who simplified the method while preserving its essence to help common people to understand it, Yoga Nidra was born.
This technique allows us to relax in a conscious way where the mind remains in the threshold between the dream world and consciousness. As we enter the state of relaxation, the external stimuli get blurry and disappear, and our consciousness starts fading. It is in this horizon where we can get our mind to perform at its max.
Note that when we are learning to master this technique, we usually fall asleep. External stimuli will then wake us up (In my case, I was shaken by another Yoga Nidra student who had been disturbed by my snoring!)
With practice, our mind learns to stabilize at the level of “Nidra,” to the level of “conscious sleep.” This is a level where the mind is very receptive and allows us to connect with very deep spaces of the psyche, visualizing our problems, fears, and conflicts in order to face and clean them, and find mindful solutions.
How to Practice Yoga Nidra
First, learn with the guidance of an experienced teacher, or by following a recording. Once you have mastered the technique, you can practice by yourself.
Practice in a room with pleasant temperature, well ventilated but without air drafts, and in dim light.
Get super comfy when practicing Yoga Nidra. You don’t want to lose your concentration because your clothes are too tight, you got itchy, or you are cold. For this reason, clothes should be comfortable without elastics, or folds, and it is recommended to lay on your back on a mat in Savasana, covered by a blanket.
If you notice that the lumbar area does not rest on the mat, you can place a cushion or a folded blanket under the knees to create support only if, when relaxing, these areas do not become heavy and produce pain or discomfort.
It is not advisable to practice Yoga Nidra for people who have had epilepsy episodes, or those who have had psychotic outbreaks.
When reaching the state of deep relaxation, we might submerge ourselves in old traumas that have not been resolved and could cause restlessness and loss of control. In this case, it is advisable to re-establish calmness and try to “observe” the situation as a spectator. Basically, being aware that you are not living it. This is called, “witness consciousness”. In order to get out of the situation of anguish, it is enough to become aware of your body’s weight on the mat, to perceive a sound from outside and, thus, temporarily suspend the practice until it can be resumed later.
There are no immediate results with Yoga Nidra, so don’t feel bad if you fall asleep. In this case, as with all the Yoga techniques, practice makes perfect. Little by little and with consistency, we can master the Nidra state and achieve the balance we need in our lives.